The Scare of Gingivitis

Gingiva refers to the gums, so gingivitis is the most common type yet a mild gum disease that would cause redness and swelling, irritation and even inflammation of the gum around the teeth. It’s a sort of inflammatory condition that affects the tissues that hold the teeth together. The inflamed gum results from bacteria that build up in the mouth; this inflammation causes the gum to bleed during brushing. Although the gums are irritated, the teeth are left intact in their sockets. To know what causes gingivitis, its signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, read below:


  • Plaque form inside your mouth – gum disease is a build-up of bacteria in the mouth, infecting its tissues around the teeth. This bacterium allows plaque to form on the teeth causing an inflammation of the surrounding gum tissues. What is plaque? It is a sticky colorless film that accumulates on the surface of the teeth when starchy and sugary food interacts with the bacteria in the mouth. Plaque should be removed daily as they reform quickly.
  • Plaque into tartar – plaque and tartar irritates the gum causing gingivitis.
  • Tobacco use
  • Poor oral hygiene

Signs & Symptoms:

  • Bad breath
  • Red, swollen, puffy gums
  • Gums bleeding when you brush or floss your teeth
  • Tooth pain
  • Loose teeth
  • Tender gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Receding teeth which makes it look longer than normal

Diagnosis and treatment:

Treatment and prevention for your teeth means eliminating plaque from your teeth and possibly gums. It is a must to catch any signs and symptoms as early as possible to prevent it from going worse. Your dentist or hygienist will get rid of the plaque or tartar from your teeth with the help of their special tools.

  • Your dental oral surgeon will most likely review your medical history to identify any factor that may be contributing to your symptoms such as; smoking and taking medications.
  • The chosen dentist will examine your mouth for plaque and tartar or any easy bleeding.
  • X-ray of your teeth will be performed to check any bone loss in areas where your dentist sees deep pockets.
  • Gingivitis can be successfully reversed if diagnosis is made early and treatment is prompt and proper.

If you’re suffering from gingivitis or if you know someone, you must realize that it is important to catch it as early as you can to diagnose its prevention and treatment which is required with a professional dentist. Your dentist may recommend surgical treatment if the nonsurgical therapy has been unsuccessful in managing gingivitis. Other than that, good and consistent home care is the key to preventing and reversing gingivitis. Also don’t neglect your healthy diet. What you eat in a day can have a massive impact on the plaque buildup on your teeth. Try to reduce your snacking in between meals and have a well-balanced diet with fresh fruits and vegetables, and don’t forget about drinking water throughout the day.