Diagnosing & Treating Malocclusion

What is malocclusion? Malocclusion is one of the most common dental problems that the upper and lower teeth do not line up properly when you close your mouth. Malocclusion also known as wrong bite or bad bites, happens when your teeth are too large for your mouth, crowded or crooked. There are many types of malocclusion, some of them are listed below:

Classifications of Malocclusion
  • Open bite – this malocclusion is characterized by incomplete closure of mouth due to the gap between the upper and lower teeth on clenching the back teeth. Open bite is formed due to the results of tongue thrusting habit. The constant pressure on the teeth causes the opening of the bite. Correction of this malocclusion needs the breaking of the habit first.
  • Deep bite – is a dental term for misalignment between the upper and lower teeth, including the back molars. Sometimes this kind of bite causes soft tissues trauma to lower gums or the palate. In other cases, deep bite causes the wearing off of lower front teeth. The result of this undo attrition is sensitivity to hot and cold foods.
  • Crowding – as the term suggests, it simply means that there is a little jaw space and the teeth have not erupted in proper alignment. Crowding can be due to the lack of support from the jaw itself which causes the teeth to compete for the space and grows in unnatural angles. This anomaly is a drawback in relation to aesthetics and function.

Aside from what was stated above, malocclusion can happen when you have inherited the condition which affects your jaw and causes the misalignment to your teeth.

Malocclusion is usually being handled with orthodontics or braces but serious malocclusion cases requires surgery. This complication can cause several health problems if left untreated. It was stated that besides causing dental problems, like tooth loss, tooth decay or the possibility of developing gum disease, malocclusion can affect your way of chewing food or even affect your speech. Malocclusion can also destroy your tooth enamel and/or even cause problems with your jaw.

According to emergency dental clinic Columbus Ohio, untreated malocclusions can affect our mental health because it is connected to self-esteem. People with malocclusion find it difficult to interact in their social circle and even avoid any relationships as they feel self-conscious about their physical appearance.

When you consult your healthcare professional, they usually take your dental X-Rays to check if your teeth are in proper alignment as part of your regular dental visits. This is to ensure or learn more regarding your condition and they will eventually refer you to a professional orthodontist for malocclusion treatment.