Dental Failures on Postmenopausal Women

Each and every woman will have to face menopause in their lifetime. Menopause is the cessation of menstruation or the change in hormone levels in a woman’s body that affects the reproductive functions of the ovaries.  This is a normal stage in the development or growth of a woman as she ages. The hormones that trigger most of these changes in the reproductive system also have a big impact on other organs or parts of the body. Hormones play a big role in the function of the oral cavity. A woman’s developing body from puberty, getting her period, pregnancy and menopause stage is strongly influenced by these hormones.

The oral and dental healths of postmenopausal women face changes and with it come the risks and the need for proper techniques and methods to take care of it. The oral tissue of the mouth is affected by menopause the same way as the vaginal mucosa. This is because the oral mucosa has the same reaction to the hormone called estrogen the same way as the vaginal mucosa. Aside from aging, the changes in the oral cavity are caused by hypoestrogenism that can alter the gum health of postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women can also experience burning mouth syndrome, dental caries, gum diseases, bone loss, and taste alterations. Here are a few examples of the changes that the oral health undergoes in relation to hormonal fluctuations during the menopause stage.

How Women Aged & How It Affects Oral Health

Burning Mouth Syndrome. This oral health problem is the burning sensation felt in the oral mucosa. Postmenopausal women can experience discomfort or pain in their oral cavity that is often triggered by psychological factors and stress.

Dry Mouth. This problem is very common in menopausal women where the mouth tends to be dry as saliva production is limited. The estrogen levels in the body directly affect the production of saliva. The inhibition of the salivary glands to produce the right amount of saliva puts postmenopausal women at risk to bacterial growth leading to tooth decay, cavities and gum diseases.

Periodontal Disease. The sex steroid hormones are the ones that keep your periodontal health in tip top shape. Postmenopausal women get sever cases of periodontal disease as they hit that certain stage where the hormones in their body change the inflammatory responses, vascular permeability and the immune system response. These women have more tendencies to having periodontitis that could cause other serious health problems.

Postmenopausal women have higher risks of having dental and oral health problems due to the hormonal changes of their bodies. More work needs to be done by these women to keep their teeth, gums, and the whole oral cavity to be healthy and protected. There might not be clear and concise guidelines for these women in taking care of their oral health but they can surely ask the top dentists in Columbus Ohio for advice or recommendations on their specific or particular dental cases. The link between sex hormones and the dental health is clear as do its effect on the rest of the body. It is up to postmenopausal women on how they want to face these changes.